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The baby's vaccinations

March 2015

Tuberculosis


The BCG vaccine is not part of the UK immunisation programme any more for children.
The vaccination is nevertheless recommended for babies, children and adolescents who are exposed to the risks of being contaminated by tuberculosis.
It is however, necessary to continue to vaccinate certain risk groups:
  • All babies living in an area such as inner cities where the incidence of TB is 40 in 100,000 or greater.
  • Children whose parents and grandparents were born in a country with TB incidence of 40 in 100,000 or higher.
  • BCG vaccination is recommended for people who are high risk of developing TB ie healthcare workers and those who have come into contact with a person with infectious TB of the lung.
  • A child travelling to a high risk country (see below)
  • Children in regular contact with adults originating from these high-risk countries.
  • High-risk countries
    • Africa
    • Asia
    • Near-East and Middle-East
    • South America and Central America
    • Central Europe and Eastern Europe, and countries of the former USSR
    • Countries in the European Union: Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Portugal
    • Vaccination is done at birth or during the first month, or when the risk becomes apparent.


If you are unsure if your child requires a BCG vaccine then see your Health Visitor of GP for further advice.


The vaccination schedule



The vaccination schedule for the baby's first four months protects against Diptheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (whooping cough) Polio, Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b), Men C (Meningitis C) and Pneumococcal:

DTaP/IPV/Hib


This all in one vaccine contains Diptheria (D), Tetanus (T), Pertussis (aP), Polio (IPV) and Haemophilus influenzae (Hib) is given at -
  • 2 months of age
  • 3 months
  • 4 months

Meningitis C




This vaccination is given at -
  • 3 months of age
  • 4 months
  • 12 months - combined with Hib

Haemophilus influenzae (Hib)


This is given as part of the combined DTaP/IPV/Hib vaccine detailed above and also combined with Meningitis C at 12 months.

Pneumococcal


This vaccine is given at -
  • 2 months of age
  • 4 months
  • 13 months

MMR


Measles, Mumps and Rubella is given at -
  • 13 months
  • 3 and half years

DtaP/IPV


This contains Diptheria (D), Tetanus (t), Pertussis (aP) and Polio (IPV) it is given with MMR at 3 and half years of age.

Cervical cancer vaccine - Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)


Protects against cervical cancer and is given to girls only between the age of 12 to 13 years

Td/IPV


Diptheria, tetanus, putussis and polio is given as a single injection between 13 and 18 years.

Hepatitis B


The vaccination is not part of the UK schedule, however it is given to babies whose mothers have hepatitis B to prevent the babies developing the disease.

If having Hepatitis B vaccination the schedule is as follows:
  • within 24 hours of birth
  • Second dose given at 1 month old </gras
  • A third dose given at 2 months old
  • Booster dose given at 12 months to give long term protection.

Summary of the vaccination schedule


<gras> Your Health Visitor, Practice Nurse and GP all can advise you about vaccinations for your baby, when and situations where additional vaccines maybe necessary.

2nd months

  • 1st dose DTaP/IPV/Hib
  • 1st dose Pneumococcal infection

3rd months

  • 2nd dose DTaP/IPV/Hib
  • 1st dose Men C

4th months

  • 3rd dose DTaP/IPV/Hib
  • 2nd dose Pneumococcal infection
  • 2nd dose Men C

12 months

  • 3rd Men C
  • 4th dose Hib

13 months

  • MMR
  • 3rd Pneumococcal infection

3 and half years

  • 2nd MMR
  • DtaP/IPV

12 - 13 years

  • Single dose HPV

13 - 18 years

  • Td/IPV




For more information go to the NHS immunisation website
http://www.immunisation.nhs.uk
For unlimited offline reading, you can download this article for free in PDF format:
The-baby-s-vaccinations.pdf

See also


Vaccins du bébé
Vaccins du bébé
Las vacunas del bebé
Las vacunas del bebé
Impfungen
Impfungen
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